Q 1. What is Standard time?
Standard time is a unifomn time adop ed by all places over a certain area without regard to the local times of that area.
Q 2. What is Troposphere?
Troposphere is the lowest gaseous layer of the atmosphere and extends to an average height of l0 km from the earth. lt absorbs more heat than it reflects. It is the region where the main weather phenome na such as winds, rain, clouds occur.
Q 3. What is Shifting Cultivation?
Shifting Cultivation is an agricultural system in which a patch of forest is cleared of trees and most vegetation is cultivated for a few years until the fertility of the land is seriously reduced. The site is
then abandoned and another is cleared elsewhere. Cleared vegetation is usually burnt and crops planted in the fertile ashes.
Q 4. What is the importance of Regulating Act in the history of India?
The Rugulating Act was the iirst Act passed by the British Parliament to regulate the aHairs of the East India Company. lt provided conditions for the centralisation of administration of the Gompany’s territories in India. Through this Act the Governor of Bengal became the Governor General for all British territories in India.
The Presidencies of Bombay and Madras became subordinate to Bengal Presidency. The Company’s servants forbidden from accepting bribes or doing private trade. The Regulating Act also contained some
provisions to establish an effective machinery for the administration.
Q 5. What is Khilafat Movement?
Turkey was an ally of Germany and Austria against the British, during the first World War. After the war the victorious Britain removed the Sultan 0f Turkey from power who is also the Khalifa,the spiritual head of the Muslims. This hurt the Muslims and they started the Khilafat Movement to restore the Kha1ifa’s position.
Q 6. What are Gamma Rays?
Gamma Rays are short wave electre magnetic radiations similar to light and X-rays. They have high penetrating power, even greater than X·rays. These rays are not detlected by strong electric or magnetic field. However, they are harmful to living tissues.